The Department of Interior and Local Government of Cotabato City in partnership with SPARK! Philippines conducted a Gender and Development (GAD) Trainer’s Training for Civil Society Organization leaders on January 29-31, 2014 held at the St. Joseph Retreat House, Cotabato City.
“The advocacy on mainstreaming GAD cannot be done alone by the government. We need leaders like the strong CSO network to help us carry out this initiative, after all, this is our own city” said Director Abdillah of DILG Cotabato City.
Twenty community development leaders from different areas from South Central Mindanao responded to the call and attended the training. The Gender and Development (GAD) approach aims to provide Philippine government agencies, partners and donors with a common set of analytical concepts and tools for integrating gender concerns into development programs and projects. The training includes Gender Sensitivity, Gender Analysis, and Gender Mainstreaming, Tools for Gender Mainstreaming andGAD Plan and Budget components. It aims to capacitate LGUs through its development partners in the community in creating their GAD Plan (Gender and Development Plan) to address gender issues and concerns in their respective sectors and constituents as mandated by RA 9710. The highlight of the said activity was the introduction of the recently-signed Joint Memorandum Circular 2013 – 01 issued by the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG), the Department and Budget and Management (DBM) and the Philippine Commission on Women on the Localization of the Magna Carta of Women.
As a result of the 3-day training, the 20 GAD trainers together with the city government commits to federate the civil society organizations and non-profit organizations to formally create an alliance that will significantly contribute to policy making and city planning particularly on mainstreaming GAD.
The participating NGO’s and CSO’s include: Noorus Salaam, LIPAD, Kadtuntaya Foundation, Inc. (KFI), SoLD Pax, Advocacy for Advancement and Development Mindanao, Advance Progress, Magbasa Kita Foundation Inc., Kapagawida Development Services Association, Inc. (KDSAI), and MTB- Mindanao Tulong Bakwet among others.
The GEM Global Women’s Report offers an in-depth view of women who start and run businesses around the world. It provides both a broadly global and a comprehensively detailed foundation for guiding future research, policy decision making and the design of initiatives and programs that can enhance awareness about women entrepreneurship. As such, this report brings a greater understanding of women’s entrepreneurship to a diverse audience of researchers, policy makers, educators and practitioners. The ultimate aim is to foster an environment that encourages women to see entrepreneurship as a viable career option and to equip them with the tools to create the type and quality of businesses they wish to build, as well as create broader awareness among stakeholders that will support their efforts.
Full report can be downloaded here http://www.babson.edu/Academics/centers/blank-center/global-research/gem/Documents/GEM%202012%20Womens%20Report.pdf
More than 126 million women entrepreneurs were starting or running new businesses in 67 economies in 2012, according to the GEM 2012 Women’s Report, the most comprehensive research ever conducted about the entrepreneurial activity of women across the globe. An estimated 48 million female entrepreneurs and 64 million female established business owners currently employ one or more people in their businesses; seven million female entrepreneurs and five million established business owners are expected to grow their ventures by at least six employees in five years.
Still, the Report found that much needs to be done for women entrepreneurs to further boost and grow their businesses. Women entrepreneurs need more resources and better programs to:
• build new collaborations and leverage ideas,
• develop entrepreneurial abilities and attitudes, and
• access the means necessary to expand their businesses and generate jobs.
In 2012, an estimated 126 million women were starting or running new
businesses in 67 economies around the world. In addition, an estimated 98
million were running established businesses.
These women are not only creating jobs for themselves and their co-founders, but they also employ others. A projected 48 million female entrepreneurs and 64 million female business owners currently employ one or more people in their businesses. In addition, these women plan to grow their businesses. A predicted seven million female entrepreneurs and five million female established business owners plan to grow their businesses by at least six employees over the next five years.
What is the Global Women Report?
The GEM Global Women’s Report offers an in-depth view of women who start and run businesses around the world. It provides both a broadly global and a comprehensively detailed foundation for guiding future research, policy decision making and the design of initiatives and programs that can enhance awareness about women entrepreneurship. As such, this report brings a greater understanding of women’s entrepreneurship to a diverse audience of researchers, policy makers, educators and practitioners.
The ultimate aim is to foster an environment that encourages women to see entrepreneurship as a viable career option and to equip them with the tools to create the type and quality of businesses they wish to build, as well as create broader awareness among stakeholders that will support their efforts.
The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) has gained widespread recognition as the most authoritative longitudinal study of entrepreneurship in the world. It accomplishes this effort through the collaborative work of a consortium of national teams consisting of academic researchers from across the globe. Each national team oversees an annual survey of atleast 2,000 working-age adults (ages 18–64). Starting with just 10 developed economies in 1999, the project has grown to involve 99 economies over 14 annual cycles. In 2012 alone, GEM surveyed 198,000 adults in 691 economies.
BY CATHERINE CLIFFORD | August 1, 2013
Lack of Confidence, Fear of Failure Hold Women Back From Being Entrepreneurs
Image credit: Shutterstock
Women often don’t think they are capable of launching their own businesses, which is one reason there are significantly fewer female entrepreneurs than male entrepreneurs, according to the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2012 Women’s Report released today.
What’s more, women report being generally more afraid of failure than their male counterparts, according to the research, jointly sponsored by Babson College in the U.S., Universidad Del Desarrollo in Chile, and the University Tun Abdul Razak in Malaysia. The 2012 GEM survey, the 14th of its kind, surveyed 198,000 people in 69 countries. The GEM Women’s Report looked at 67 of those economies.
In all but seven of the countries surveyed, women represent a minority of the nation’s entrepreneurs. The seven economies where there are as many or more women as men entrepreneurs are Panama, Thailand, Ghana, Ecuador, Nigeria, Mexico and Uganda, the report says.
Comparison of female and male total entrepreneurship activity rates by region.
Click to Enlarge+
Lack of Confidence, Fear of Failure Hold Women Back From Being Entrepreneurs
Source: Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, 2012
To be sure, cultural expectations of women affect the likelihood that they will start a business. For example, in Chile, women are largely expected to take care of their children and parents, making it much harder for women to take an active role in running a business, the report notes. Moreover, many nations have longstanding cultural traditions that both discourage women from working outside the home and from taking leadership positions. In the Republic of Korea, for instance, women face significant hurdles in breaking into what is a very male-dominated business culture.
In the U.S., there are fewer overt barriers for women to become entrepreneurs, but there are still “covert” barriers, the report says, specifically in gaining access to capital or winning government contracts. “These covert practices are subtle, and sometimes not even recognized by entrepreneurs, in that they have to do with status expectations or gendered roles,” the report says.
Related: A New Dell Initiative Asks Women Entrepreneurs to Give Back
One classic example is the expectation in the U.S that venture capitalists will be men, the report notes. Lead author of the study and Babson professor Donna Kelley points to studies that show women are less likely to receive venture capital funding. “The fact that those making the investment decisions are primarily men can be one influencing factor,” she says. Also, there has been previous academic research showing that fast-growth, high-tech entrepreneurs in the U.S. tend to be men, which is partly because women are less involved in science and engineering in general, says Kelly.
In all parts of the world, women entrepreneurs are more likely to run businesses that work directly with the consumer, like retail businesses, the GEM data shows. The data suggests women may choose these consumer-related businesses partly because they have lower aspirations for growth than men. Male entrepreneurs are more likely to gravitate toward capital-intensive manufacturing businesses and knowledge-intensive business services, the GEM data shows.
Even while more than 126 million female entrepreneurs were either starting or running new businesses in 2012 in the 67 countries measured, they are less confident about their abilities than men. In every economy studied, women reported lower perceptions of their entrepreneurial capabilities than men did, the report finds. Women in developed regions of Asia show the lowest levels of confidence in their abilities. Only 5 percent of women surveyed in Japan say they have the skills necessary to start their own business.
Meanwhile, perhaps surprisingly, women in sub-Saharan Africa showed much greater confidence in their entrepreneurship capabilities. Four out of five women in Zambia, Malawi, Ghana, Uganda and Nigeria say they have the skills necessary to start their own business. Part of the higher levels of confidence in sub-Saharan Africa is because almost 60 percent of women know other women entrepreneurs. Having direct interaction with a role model gives women confidence, says Kelly.
Related: Women Entrepreneurs Becoming Force in the Developing World
The entrepreneurship confidence levels in sub-Saharan Africa are also related to the types of businesses being started, says Kelly. “The typical business started by female entrepreneurs in these countries are often small, necessity-driven, consumer-oriented businesses with few or no employees and lower growth projections,” says Kelly. “The perceptions about the skills needed for this type of business are different from those that involve more innovation, growth, and in industries with capital or knowledge intensity.”
In every region, women report being more afraid of failure on average than their male counterparts, the report says. The fear of failure is linked to their lower rates of entrepreneurship because of the inherent risk of starting your own business. “When a woman has a choice between being an employee, especially when this is associated with an attractive salary, job stability, good benefits and even high social approval, she is taking a greater risk in entering entrepreneurship; she has to forego this opportunity in order to be an entrepreneur, and therefore has more to lose,” says Kelly. Some of the most developed regions have the highest levels of fear of failure, including developed regions of Asia, Israel and Europe.Credits: http://www.entrepreneur.com/article/227631#ixzz2cTa9CzQ7
By Kathy Calvin, President and Chief Executive Officer of the United Nations Foundation
“I want to serve the people. And I want every girl, every child, to be educated.” These are the powerful words of Malala Yousafzai, a Pakistani teenage girl who was shot by the Taliban last year when returning home from school.
When it comes to addressing the needs and rights of adolescent girls worldwide, there is no better advocate than girls themselves.
This week, approximately 100 American girls have gathered in Washington, D.C. for the Girl Up Leadership Summit, where they are encouraging policymakers to prioritize adolescent girls in the global agenda. And next week, girls from around the world will come together in Russia as part of the G(irls)20 Summit to make recommendations to G20 leaders about how to empower girls. These girls are socially aware, globally engaged, and a force to be reckoned with!
The simple truth is that girls around the world know better than anyone what they need to lead safe, healthy, happy, and productive lives. The job for the rest of us is to listen to them and to create a world where every girl has the chance to realize her promise.
Why is this task so important? Because a healthy, educated, empowered adolescent girl has the unique potential to break the cycle of poverty.
A growing body of data and studies have shown that supporting girls and women – promoting their education, their health and safety, their right to plan their families, and more – correlates with healthier families, higher family incomes, economic development, and environmental sustainability. All of this promotes more productive and stable communities and countries, benefiting us all.
But here’s the challenge: while girls have the potential to change the world, in many places they don’t always get the chance.
Right now, millions of adolescent girls are forced to marry young, drop out of school, and carry the burden of household chores – depriving them of educational and economic opportunities. They are at risk of physical and sexual abuse. And they are often denied the right and tools to plan their families.
Once condemned to the shadows, these injustices are starting to get the attention they deserve. Girls around the world are demanding change, and a growing movement – including the UN Foundation, the Nike Foundation, UN agencies, and others – is joining them.
As this movement grows, we’re seeing progress: more girls are in primary school than ever before; maternal and child deaths are no longer commonplace or acceptable in many countries where new practices are implemented; and thanks to the voices of American girls and many others, the recent reauthorization of the Violence Against Women Act included new provisions to make ending child marriage in developing countries an official foreign policy priority of the U.S. government.
While we’re making progress, we have more work to do. We need to increase investments in girls, protect their rights, prioritize them on the global agenda, and importantly, listen to them, respond to their needs, and engage them in international development efforts.
As I’ve met girls around the world, it’s become clear to me that they are the most powerful agents for change on the planet. So let’s make sure they have the chance to unleash their potential. It’s the right thing to do for girls and for the world.Kathy Calvin is President and Chief Executive Officer of the United Nations Foundation. Her career has spanned work in the public, private and nonprofit sectors. She is a passionate advocate for multi-sector problem-solving, U.S. leadership on global issues, and the inclusion of women at all levels and in all sectors